Sources of Household Water - Raw Water

Many people use raw (untreated) water for household chores, but use boiled, treated, or bottled water for drinking and other purposes where purity, or at least safety, are critical.


Well Water

A dug well supplies water for this family in rural Kerala

Drainage Water

Washing pots in a gutter along the street

Surface Water

Some people take water for non-critical household chores from the Las Piñas River in Manila

Spring Water

This retired woman in Brazil brings spring water home for drinking, but uses tap water for dishes

Other Water Spources That We Study

  Water Sources&$59; Vended Water Sources: Tap Water Sources: Bottled Water Sources: Tanker
  Vended Water Tap Water Bulk Bottled Water Tanker Water

Different Areas of Expertise


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